The following reports are taken from imperialist sources to better ascertain their agenda.
The criminal coalition, “Friends of Libya“, are directly responsible for the nation’s current plight. They conspired against the nation and its people and committed egregious war crimes and crimes against humanity. They waged war on a nation that threatened no one. They destroyed Africa’s benefactor, the defender of African sovereignty and Africa’s most prosperous democracy.
Their actions resulted in the slaughter of 200,000+ civilians, the displacement of millions, the continued campaign of terror and assassinations, the arbitrary arrest, detention, torture and execution of any who cannot accept the new NATO-imposed regime, the decline in women’s rights and human rights in general, the continued ideological and ethnic cleansing and racist pogrom.
They do not care about the future of the Libyan people. Their only mandate is to establish an effective and efficient occupation regime that secures their unrestricted access to Libya’s vast wealth.
Under the control of these predatory foreign “stakeholders”, Libya cannot expect any better future than that of Afghanistan, Iraq or Somalia.
To understand NATO’s role in entrenching the “deep state” (also known as the “secret state“), please see:
Libya: Torture, Murder, Terror, the Deep State and Gladio
Libyan Soldiers Start Military Training in Turkey
NATO in Libya: An Avalanche of Unfolding Disasters
Niger’s president says Libya risks becoming like Somalia
De-Facto Libya no Longer Exists as a Nation, Only Fragmented Territories
Dr. Yusuf Shakir: Libya is No Longer a State. Violence Will Spread to Other Countries.
Please see this analysis of the conference and its consequences for Libyans. I apologize that I cannot provide a transcript of this important interview for non-Arabic speaking readers.
© Copyright 2014 by Jamahiriya News Agency
Libya’s Rome Conference
By Karim Mezran
Libya’s international partners and allies gathered in Rome yesterday in a show of support for the North African country’s transition to democracy since Qaddafi’s ouster in 2011. Overshadowed by the growing crisis in Ukraine, as evidenced by the questions put forth to US Secretary of State John Kerry, the Friends of Libya conference nevertheless gathered high-level diplomatic leadership in a symbolic gesture of the international community’s commitment to stand by Libya as it faces the challenges of a post-conflict, post-revolutionary state. In terms of outcome, however, the conference produced a mixed bag illustrating divisions within the Libyan government and confusion among its international partners.
The conference was a success insofar as it demonstrated a marked shift in the discourse on Libya away from a narrow security framework to a more political one. Based on the remarks and communiqués, it appears the international community has finally understood that Libya’s challenges are rooted in political paralysis. In Paris last year, diplomats focused entirely on the deteriorating security situation and emphasized a need to build up Libya’s national security apparatus, which has driven efforts to train Libyan soldiers. Over the last several months, policymakers have learned that the growing insecurity is a consequence of Libya’s problems—not the source—and that centrifugal forces exploit the weaknesses and questionable legitimacy of state institutions to advance their own parochial agendas. As such, statements issued yesterday by everyone from Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman to Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov placed particular emphasis on the democratization process, the necessity to empower Libya’s institutions, and the importance of consensus-building through the national dialogue to resolve the political crisis.
These statements, however, lacked a nuanced or analytical approach to Libya’s internal developments and needs, reflecting a feeble attempt at reaffirming support while maintaining enough distance to avoid any criticism of interference. International partners indeed want to help Libya, but do not know where to begin. In her opening remarks, Italian Foreign Minister Federica Mogherini asserted that Europe stands ready to help Libya if it could demonstrate the capacity to absorb the assistance, citing frankly that divisions within Libya hindered development. Overall the message to Libya seemed to be: we want to help, but not without guarantees from the Libyan government that assistance would make a difference. The Libyans did not exactly deliver.
The conference reflected the political paralysis and polarization gripping Libya in all its glory. Over the last several months, political bickering between the General National Congress (GNC) and Prime Minister Ali Zidan’s government escalated, characterized by the legislature’s threats to force Zidan from office and Zidan’s manipulation of the GNC’s internal divisions to stay in place. As a result of the endemic rivalry, Libya sent two delegations to Rome; in addition to the one formally headed by GNC President Nuri Abu Sahmain, Zidan led his own team, undermining any semblance of a unified Libya with which the international community could engage.
Originally, organizers intended for the conference to provide a platform where Libya could present its proposals for assistance in an effort to demonstrate ownership over their transition process. Instead, the international community received a range of asks as expressed by Abu Sahmain and Zidan, who each delivered remarks, citing priorities that highlighted the growing chasm between the camps. Abu Sahmain devoted most of his attention to presenting the GNC as a legitimate entity and fiercely defended the legislature as tensions grow over its dissolution since its mandate expired on February 7. He pointed to the formation of the February Committee, which will craft proposals to amend the Transitional Constitutional Declaration to pave the way for possible elections that would replace the current GNC, depending on progress on constitution drafting. Abu Sahmain also called for Libyan unity, making a reference to the historical figure Omar Mukhtar, but notably left out any reference to the national dialogue process—an initiative endorsed by Zidan and which the prime minister stressed could serve as a basis to unify Libyans around a common identity. In his speech, Zidan discussed in unspecific terms the importance of developing Libya’s private sector and implementing a weapons collection program. The contrasting emphases highlighted the fragmentation of Libyan state, its divergent interests underscoring the international community’s predicament in wanting to provide assistance but scrambling to find reliable and collaborative partners among Libyan authorities.
Despite its mixed scorecard, the Rome conference was no small feat in an environment of competing political priorities and constrained resources. In the third year since the NATO-supported revolution, the Friends of Libya meeting demonstrated that Libya remains on the foreign policy agenda. Such symbolic gestures can generate momentum for action if the stakeholders commit to the principles outlined in the concluding communiqué issued by the Italian foreign ministry. Most notably, “participants agreed to assess all capacity and institutional building, training, equipment and procurement needs and activities on a regular basis in cooperation with the international partners. Participants agreed to establish an international partnership for Libya to monitor progress in the implementation of the Compacts,” referring to the two-pronged political and security tracks for which the conference delineated pertinent areas of responsibility for the Libyan authorities and their partners around the world.
The stakeholders’ commitment to these pledges as yet remains unknown. The absence of Libyan government cohesion could further wear on the patience of world leaders who might abandon the long-term goal of bolstering Libya’s political institutions, opting instead for short-term containment of the growing destabilization. Abandoning the political question for security, however, would bring the country back where it started—an option both Libya and its partners should avoid at all costs.
Ministerial Conference on International support to Libya (Rome, 6 March 2014) – Conclusions
MINISTERIAL CONFERENCE ON INTERNATIONAL SUPPORT TO LIBYA
(Rome, 6 March 2014)
1. Libya and International partners met in Rome on 6th March 2014 in order to reaffirm strong international support for a unified and sovereign Libya as it seeks to build a modern and effective state in the face of significant challenges to the democratic transition, in the line of the Paris Conference of 12th February 2013. Participants included a wide Libyan Delegation and representatives of Algeria, Bulgaria, Canada, Chad, China, Denmark, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Norway, Qatar, Portugal, Russia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Sweden, The Netherlands, Tunisia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates, the United Kingdom, the United States of America, the African Union, the Arab Maghreb Union, the European Union, the Gulf Cooperation Council, the League of Arab States, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, and the United Nations.
2. The Conference focused on the Libyan Delegation’s commitment, on an urgent basis, to establish the political conditions necessary to achieve a democratic transition to an effective state, as well as to provide security, services and good governance to all citizens based on the rule of law. To that end, the State of Libya and International partners undertook mutual commitments for action, which are detailed in the annexed Security, Justice and Rule of Law, and Governance Compacts.
3. Libya and International partners agreed on the urgent need for Libyans to forge broad consensus on management of the transitional period to ensure an orderly handover of power to a new elected body and contribute to stabilizing the current situation in Libya and in doing so to uphold the democratic process and refrain from using violence in the political process.
4. Participants underscored that a comprehensive and inclusive process of national dialogue and reconciliation is key to the stabilization process, which international partners are ready to support in full respect of Libyan sovereign authority through coordinated contributions to the Governance Compact in the Annex to these Conclusions. International partners underscored the pivotal role of the national dialogue, and Libya commitment to increase its engagement. Participants underscored the crucial contribution of the United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) to the consolidation of an inclusive national dialogue and the support for such a process from all relevant Libyan stakeholders and recognized the importance of UNSMIL’s continued engagement in that work.
5. Recognizing the critical role played by women in Libya’s revolutionary transition, Libya and international partners stressed the importance of full participation of women in Libya’s national decision-making process and in the establishment of national institutions at all levels.6. Participants welcomed the February 2014 elections for the Constitutional Drafting Assembly, which demonstrated Libya’s continued commitment to the democratic principles and fundamental freedoms for which the Libyan people sacrificed so much during the 2011 revolution. They called for the constitutional drafting process to involve all political forces and components of Libyan society. Recognizing the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) mandated role of UNSMIL in this regard, international partners reiterated their commitment to provide technical assistance to that work.
7. Participants took note of the steps undertaken to ensure constructive cooperation between all Libyan institutions in order to pursue national priorities and respond to the most urgent needs of the Libyan people.
8. Participants stressed the urgent need to resolve ongoing disruptions of energy and oil exports. While noting the important role of national dialogue and constitutional processes in addressing questions related to the future structure of the new modern Libya including resources distribution, Participants underscored the need for tangible steps in the interim to improve central and local governments’ capacity, particularly in the provision of essential services to all Libyans,, with a vew to ensuring security and maintaining popular support for the democratic transition. The Libyan Delegation committed to establish more effective and transparent governance procedures, in particular in budgetary and spending sectors, also in view of ensuring a larger capacity to absorb assistance offered by international partners. In return, international partners pledged technical assistance to foster improved governance capacity at all levels, enshrined in the Governance Compact.
9. The Libyan Delegation referred to actions already taken in the priority areas of the security sector identified at the Paris Conference and G8 Summit including training, SSR (security sector reform), DDR (disarmament, demobilization and reintegration), arms and ammunition control, and border security. The Libyan Delegation pledged to implement a renewed and more focused program of reforms, with a clear attribution of responsibilities and clearly phased deliverables, designed also to integrate new elements including former revolutionaries in the security sector. A number of new initiatives in the security sector were announced by international partners (details to be found in the Security Compact in the Annex). International partners also reviewed and updated commitments in the need for a swift implementation of these programs in training and equipment for the security forces and specifically the GPF (General Purpose Force), Special Forces and Police.
10. Participants also encouraged an inclusive national approach to DDR, based on a clear political agreement, and underscored the need for concrete measures to control arms and ammunition stockpiles and welcomed the Libyan Government’s announcement that is setting up an Inter-Ministerial Committee with the Libyan Ministry of Defense acting as lead Ministry, to address the issue of arms and ammunition control urgently, at the strategic level. Participants agreed that the UN should continue to support proper management, storage and effective disposal of unsecured arms and related material by the national security forces. They commended the work done so far by the International community and they welcomed the launch of new initiatives in that regard.
11. Participants also reiterated the urgent priority for Libya to secure its borders, including through the implementation of the recommendations of the Tripoli Action Plan of 2012 to which Libya and its neighbors signed up. They also welcomed in this regard the commitments of the Rabat conference of November 2013, as reflected in the Rabat Declaration, including the creation of a permanent Secretariat and of a regional training center for border security officers. Enhancing the security of Libya’s land, sea and air borders, is vital to improve regional security. To this end participants called on the Libyan authorities to expedite the completion of an electronic integrated border control management system and the development of a broader, effective Integrated Border Management Strategy, with the active coordination and assistance of both Countries of the Region and EUBAM.
12. In this framework particular attention was dedicated to the growing terrorist threat in the region. Continued international partnership in countering terrorist threats and strengthening state capacity is essential to ensuring regional and global stability. Participants welcomed in this respect the efforts of the African Union and the Nouakchott Process to support cooperation with Libya’s neighbors in all fields, especially in common border security.
13. Participants expressed their concern about the ongoing violence in eastern Libya, particularly on the systematic campaign of killing and assassination in Benghazi and its environs. They called for quick and concrete steps by the authorities to improve security and bring the perpetrators to justice. Participants expressed their determination to support the authorities to achieve such a goal.
14. Participants emphasized the need for full respect for human rights in Libya. They addressed in particular the continued challenges in establishing the rule of law throughout the country. They expressed concern for the cases of arbitrary detention, including in cases where legal standards of detention are not met, where persons are held outside the authority of the state, as well as for the cases of ill-treatment, torture and deaths of individuals in custody. They called for the implementation of the enacted Law on torture, enforced disappearances and discrimination. They stressed the importance of Transitional Justice Law, recently adopted, as the basis of a national reconciliation process based on dialogue, inclusiveness, justice and accountability. They also welcomed the Libyan Government’s decision to recognize victims of sexual violence as victims of war and allow for reparations, healing and legal support. International partners stand ready to provide any possible support in the rule of law sector, coordinated through UNSMIL.
15. Emphasizing the lead role of UNSMIL in coordinating the international assistance, participants agreed on the need to assess all capacity and institutional building, training, equipment and procurement needs and activities on a regular basis in cooperation with the international partners. Participants agreed to establish an international partnership for Libya to monitor progress in the implementation of the Compacts.
16. Participants welcome the prospect for the next Ministerial meeting to be convened in Turkey.
NATO To Build Proxy Armed Forces, Security Force
North Atlantic Treaty Organization
March 6, 2014
NATO reaffirms commitment to assist Libya at Rome Conference
The Alliance stands ready to help advise Libyan authorities in developing a national security strategy and strengthening their defence institutions, NATO Deputy Secretary General Ambassador Alexander Vershbow said Thursday’s (6 March 2014) at the Ministerial Conference on Libya in Rome. ”Libya has already come a long way. But there is still much to do. First and foremost by the people of Libya themselves and especially by their political leaders,” stressed Ambassador Vershbow. ”NATO stands ready to help in areas where the Libyan Government needs our help and where we can add value.”
The conference discussed the coordination of international efforts to help Libya and included foreign ministers, representatives from international organisations and a high level delegation from Libya led by Prime Minister Ali Zeidan. The Deputy Secretary General said that NATO’s first objective will be to advise the Libyan authorities on the establishment of the necessary structures, processes and arrangements to enable them to develop a national security strategy. “We could then also give advice on the adaptation of Libya’s existing security architecture to make sure that is compatible with the new policy framework,” Ambassador Vershbow said. He underlined, however, that NATO’s advisory mission will “not seek to establish a full-time presence on the ground in Libya. And that we will continue to conduct our advisory work in full coordination with the efforts of other national and international actors, including the United Nations Support Mission to Libya (UNSMIL) and the European Border Assistance Mission (EUBAM).”
Allies agreed last October to respond positively to a request made by the Libyan Prime Minister for NATO to provide advice on defence institution building in Libya, as part of the overall efforts of the international community. A small advisory team is currently being put together to conduct this effort. Three years ago, NATO fulfilled a historical mandate to protect the people of Libya. It did so through Operation Unified Protector. The operation was conducted under a resolution from the United Nations Security Council. NATO has developed a unique expertise in defence reform and security institution building, including the development of efficient and effective defence structures that are under civilian oversight and democratic control.
During the Conference in Rome, the NATO Deputy Secretary General met with the Prime Minister of Libya and held talks with high level representatives from NATO and Middle Eastern countries and other international organizations.